ADD: Digging to the Root of the Cause

by Tracy Rohland

More and more attention is being focused on children and the increasing trend to prescribe them pharmaceutical drugs to counter their “inability” to pay attention. From symptoms such as unacceptably speaking out, to not being able to complete a task properly, or being too aggressive, Americans have sought out the solution from a pill. But with the number of prescriptions only increasing, it is clear that there is a dire need to understand the real cause and solution of the problem.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is a commonly diagnosed problem in children today. The well-known drug, Ritalin, is the most widely used treatment method currently prescribed. Sadly, most parents are not aware that recent studies have shown that Ritalin has properties similar to cocaine and that children on Ritalin are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol later in life. Ritalin is also known to be a mild carcinogen (cancer causing agent). Despite these dangers, Ritalin prescriptions continue to be handed out like hotcakes.

In the field of medicine, Americans tend to focus on treating the "symptom", rather than the "problem". This pattern is exemplified by the fact that the United States leads the world in Ritalin consumption, with five times as many prescriptions for the drug as the rest of the world combined. ADD was not a problem in past centuries and is not an epidemic in any other nation. In 1974, Dr. Ben Feingold looked deep into the cause of the problem and was the first to document a connection between ADD and diet. From his thorough studies, he developed a special diet for children with ADD, which excludes all foods that contain artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives. The diet also eliminates foods containing natural salicylates (many fruits, tea, and aspirin, to name a few) as well as those commonly associated with allergic reactions (wheat, eggs, dairy, chocolate, soy, and corn products). Over half of the children who followed the Feingold Diet showed significant signs of improvement. Since then, much research has been done investigating the link between diet and ADD. This research supports Feingold’s assertion that food additives should always be avoided. Additionally, researchers agree that sugar is a primary culprit in worsening ADD symptoms. Even a small amount of sugar can cause a drop in calcium, phosphorus, and other vital nutrients, in effect starving the brain.

Between 1979 and 1983, the New York City school system removed sugar, additives, and preservatives from its school lunch program. This change alone resulted in a 15 percent increase in performance on standardized tests. Studies also report that ADD symptoms are correlated with vitamin deficiencies, presence of toxic metals, and a lack of essential fatty acids (omega-3 oils). These is indication that saturated fats and trans-fats (those found in hydrogenated oil) should be eliminated from the diet as well. Drugs like Ritalin have the ability to suppress the symptoms temporarily, but approaching the problem holistically could result in a safe, healthy, and effective solution. A good start is to eliminate processed foods from the diet. Just this step will immediately get rid of artificial dyes and preservatives. Also, by Incorporating organic foods into your diet, harmful chemical pesticides can be avoided.

Footnotes: 

For more information on the Feingold Diet, visit http://feingold.org/.

Alcohol, Cancer Risk, and the Benefits of Being a Vegetarian

by Tandis Bishop

The consumption of alcohol is often argued to be safe and even beneficial for the body.. However, a new CNN report claims that “along with smoking and chronic infections, alcohol consumption is an important cause of several types of cancer.” Recent studies have shown that “excessive drinking raises the risk for cancer of the mouth, larynx, esophagus, colon, liver, and breast. It may also be linked with cancer of the pancreas and lung.”

"Alcohol is underestimated as a cause of cancer in many parts of the world. A sizeable portion of cancer today is due to alcohol intake and this is increasing in many regions," according to Dr. Paolo Boffetta of the International Agency for Cancer Research in France.

Besides alcohol's links to cancer, alcohol consumption has other harmful effects that should be considered. For example, it can cause damage to the digestive system (including the digestive organs), which may result in impaired digestion and absorption of nutrients.

For those of you who are vegetarian, or considering becoming vegetartian, there is good news. When you start eating a vegetarian diet, your body will naturally begin to cleanse itself of many toxins and unwanted compounds stored in the body. For non-vegetarians, this cleansing is usually hindered because the body is already working overtime to break down and eliminate the toxic chemicals, hormones, and toxic byproducts accumulated from meat-consumption.

So naturally, when eating a well-balanced vegetarian diet, a person begins to feel better both mentally and physically. The person will become more sensitive to the toxins that they ingest, and will make the conscious choice not to pollute their body. They will naturally not want to over-consume alcohol (or consume any at all) because of how they will feel the next day. In this way, it becomes easier to give up alcohol, or limit its consumption, and thus reduce risk for various types of cancers.

Down to Earth makes it easy by carrying a vast range of non-alcoholic beverages as great substitutes to alcohol. Check out our Health Tips section for ways to cut down your alcohol consumption and for recommended non-alcoholic beverages.

Farming Animals and the Bird Flu Connection

by Becky Johnson

With a flu pandemic imminent in the eyes of many experts, people around the world are left to question when it might happen and how bad it might become. But it is also important to know how this virus erupted, putting us on the brink of worldwide devastation.

While disease is inevitable, we all know that personal lifestyle choices and habits can make a big difference in whether or not we get sick. In the same way, how our society conducts itself and manages the earth’s resources can impact how prevalent a disease becomes for the society as a whole.

One of the world’s prime health issues is in the practice of raising animals for slaughter, which is often so unsanitary that it creates a 'hot zone' for disease. These animals, which include cows, pigs and chickens, live in quarters that are packed together in crammed and filthy conditions. And the waste that they create not only pollutes the environment they are in, but also the local water supplies.

To try and combat this disease potential, farmers fill their animals’ food and water with antibiotics and other drugs. But when it comes to a viral illness like the flu, it cannot be controlled with antibiotics because antibiotics only bolster the body against bacterial infections, not viruses. So, the only way to prevent this dangerous cycle from continuing is to reduce the amount of animal farming that is practiced in the world today.

And the best way you can help protect Mother Earth and all of her inhabitants is by choosing a healthy way of life – vegetarian style. At Down to Earth we have plenty of delicious foods, recipes, cookbooks and friendly personnel to make it fun, tasty and easy to eat a plant-based diet. So be sure to stop by our store this month and check out all the good things we have for you to eat.

Parents Are Key to Reducing Children's Obesity

by Tandis Bishop

With January being the traditional month when millions of people rededicate themselves to exercise and healthier diets, it’s a good time to think about it for our children as well. Why? It turns out that parents influence their children’s weight more than one might think.

According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of obesity among children aged 6 to 11 more than doubled in the past 20 years, going from 6.5% in 1980 to 17.0% in 2006. The rate among adolescents aged 12 to 19 more than tripled, increasing from 5% to 17.6%.1, 2

With the rising rates of childhood obesity has come the unnerving reality that children and teens are now becoming high risk for diseases that used to plague only adults.

The CDC estimates that 61% of obese young people have at least one additional risk factor for heart disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure.3 In addition, children who are obese are at greater risk for bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems such as stigmatization and poor self-esteem.4, 5 Obese young people are more likely than children of normal weight to become overweight or obese adults, and therefore more at risk for associated adult health problems including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.6

In Hawaii, almost one in six public high school students is obese. A survey released last year by the state Department of Health on "Youth Risk Behavior" showed that 15.6 percent of public high school students—about 7,300—were obese in 2007. That was up from 10.5 percent in 1999.7

In his “Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity,” the U.S. Surgeon General said that the cause of children and adolescents being overweight is generally a lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or a combination of the two.

Here’s the rub: Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight or obese adults. This increases to 80% if one or more parent is overweight or obese.8

If your child is considered overweight or obese, there is yet another reason to be concerned. Research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Session in 2008 showed that many obese teenagers have the arteries of a middle-aged person.9

The sad part about all this is that so many children are at risk simply because their parents pass along their poor eating habits and sedentary lifestyles to their family. Many of them—however well meaning—just don’t realize that all that fast food and too much TV can truly have a devastating impact on their childrens' health. As a result, instead of being a good role model and insisting on a healthy lifestyle, too many parents unintentionally enable their children to develop poor health habits. This can lead to lifelong illnesses and sometimes premature death.

A study in the January/February 2009 issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that poor eating habits and a lack of exercise start as early as when children move from preschool to elementary school.10 So, it’s never too early to insist on a healthy lifestyle, and it’s never too late.

Virtually all the major scientific and medical institutions in the world agree that the risk of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and a host of other diseases is linked to a meat-based diet consisting of highly processed foods laden with fats and artificial ingredients. These institutions further agree that the risk is greatly reduced by adopting a healthy low-fat, high-fiber diet. At Down to Earth, we believe this result is best achieved by adopting a healthy vegetarian diet consisting of organic produce and natural foods.

In addition, since a plant-based diet is low in fat and cholesterol and high in fiber, vegetarians have been shown to have significantly lower rates of obesity and Body Mass Index (BMI) values than non-vegetarians.11 BMI is used as a screening tool to identify possible weight problems for both children and adults.

The CDC and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend the use of BMI to screen for overweight and obesity in children beginning at 2 years old. BMI is a number calculated from a person’s weight and height. It is a reliable indicator of body fatness. To calculate BMI for yourself and your children, and learn what your number means for you, , use a handy calculator that the CDC has posted on its website: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html .

While simply avoiding refined sugars and flours can help prevent and combat obesity, the most powerful weapon you can offer your child to achieve and maintain an appropriate body weight is a healthy vegetarian diet (based on whole foods and free from refined sugars and artificial ingredients). A plant-based diet is critical to the prevention of obesity and other diseases because it:

  • Tends to be lower in fat (especially saturated fat)
  • Has absolutely no cholesterol (except for dairy products, which are sometimes included in a plant-based diet)
  • Is naturally high in fiber when centered around unprocessed, unrefined, whole foods (fiber helps facilitate weight loss and prevent weight gain)
  • Is high in phytochemicals (nutrients that are only found in plants which have been shown to have cancer fighting properties)
  • Offers a good source of vitamins and minerals
  • Offers the right amount of protein for required daily intake, as opposed to a meat-based diet which provides excess protein (double the amount needed), which converts into fat in the body.

In short, parents can help lower the risk of their children becoming obese and developing related diseases simply by setting the right example and insisting on healthy lifestyle habits, including physical activity and a healthy vegetarian diet.12

Footnotes: 

References:

  1. Center for Disease Control, Healthy Youth!, “Childhood Obesity”: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/obesity/facts.htm
  2. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Flegal KM. High Body Mass Index for Age Among US Children and Adolescents, 2003-2006. JAMA. 2008;299(20):2401-2405.
  3. Freedman DS, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of Pediatrics 1999;103(6):1175-1182.
  4. Daniels SR, Arnett DK, Eckel RH, et al. Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Pathophysiology, Consequences, Prevention, and Treatment. Circulation. 2005;111;1999-2002.
  5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, “Overweight and Obesity: Health Consequences”: https://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/calls/
  6. Ibid.
  7. The Honolulu Advertiser, “Obesity affects 15.6% of students,” Nov. 18, 2008.
  8. The Surgeon General's Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity, https://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/calls/
  9. American Heart Association, “Obese kids’ artery plaque similar to middle-aged adults,” Nov 11, 2008: http://www.newsweek.com/study-finds-obese-kids-have-middle-aged-arteries...
  10. “Eating Habits and Exercise Behaviors in Children Can Deteriorate Early, Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Science Daily, Jan. 12, 2009: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090109035310.htm
  11. Vegetarian Diets. ADA June 2003 (Vol. 103, Issue 6, Pages 748-765) : http://www.eatrightpro.org/resources/advocacy
  12. Daniels SR, Arnett DK, Eckel RH, et al. Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Pathophysiology, Consequences, Prevention, and Treatment. Circulation. 2005;111;1999-2002.

Diabetes and Diet: A Crucial Combination for Health

by Angie Smith

With the rise in Type II diabetes over the last couple of decades, many people have taken notice of the dangers that are associated with its development as well as some of the potential causes. But many people have yet to understand what leads a body to have difficulties absorbing sugar and what options they have for regaining their health.

The growing concern is in the connection between the rising obesity epidemic and its link to Type II diabetes. About 80 percent of Type II diabetics are obese. The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine has said that the new approach to treating diabetes focuses on fat consumption instead of the old method, which made the elimination of refined sugars and starchy foods the main goal. They explain this by saying that the more fat there is in a diet the harder time insulin has getting sugar into the cells. As of yet, there is no known cause for this, but it has been proven that by reducing fat intake as well as excess body fat, a person can help their body’s insulin maintain a proper sugar balance.

Modern diabetic treatment programs, according to the Committee, drastically reduce meats, high-fat dairy products, and oils, while at the same time increase grains, legumes, and vegetables. One study they illustrated found that 21 of 23 patients who were taking oral medication for diabetes, and 13 of 17 patients on insulin were able to get off their medications after 26 days on a near-vegetarian diet and exercise program.

The benefit to a vegetarian diet for those who have or are at risk of diabetes, is that most vegetarian diets are low in saturated fat and cholesterol. Saturated fat is most commonly found in meat, eggs and dairy products and it has been linked to high cholesterol levels as well as weight gain. Unsaturated fat, which is found in olive and canola oil as well as nuts and seeds, is much healthier for the body and can help to keep weight and cholesterol levels down.

It is estimated that 17 million people have diabetes and around 95 percent of those cases are Type II, which most commonly affects adults over the age of 40. According to Jay B. Lavine, M.D., a Diplomat of both the American Board of Ophthalmology and the National Board of Medical Examiners, Type II diabetes is associated with obesity, inactivity, family history of diabetes and ethnicity.

Lavine said that the difference between Type I and Type II diabetes, is that Type I generally requires insulin treatment and it was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. Type I appears to be an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. In Type II diabetes, however, the body still produces insulin, but the body is resistant to its effects and so the sugar is unable to easily absorb into the cells where it is needed, and backs up in the bloodstream. Lavine said that both types of diabetes though, develop the same complications.

The good news for Type II diabetics, Lavine said, is if they change their lifestyle by adopting healthier eating habits, described as a high fiber, plant-based diet, and lose their excess weight, the diabetes can often be reversed and the need for medication eliminated.

Footnotes: 

Sources:

  1. Lavine, Jay B. “Diabetes and Diet.” October 2003. http://www.vegparadise.com/otherbirds312.html
  2. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. ”Diet and Diabetes.” October 2003. http://www.pcrm.org/health/prevmed/diabetes.html

Warnings About Pain Remedies

In the not-so-distant past, Aspirin was virtually the only non-prescription pain reliever on the market. It was the solution for anything from headaches and fever to cramping and arthritis. Then acetaminophen and ibuprofen came along to challenge the pain reliever monopoly, giving the world new options for their pains and fevers. These days, there is a new category of pain relievers known as COX-2 inhibitors. These drugs were designed to avoid the gastric bleeding that is a concern with drugs like aspirin. But these new drugs come with their own set of side effects and complications, which is why they are now under close scrutiny.

A few well-known examples of these drugs are Celebrex, Vioxx, and Bextra. Millions of Americans take these drugs for rheumatoid and osteoarthritis as well as common headaches and muscle tension. Most people who watch television have seen the ads for these drugs and heard the long list of side effects at the end. But many people have eagerly sought out and taking these prescriptions despite the potential harm. However, the FDA is alerting consumers to be aware of these side effects and to take the warnings seriously.

Vioxx was recently taken off the market when a study showed that it doubled the risk of heart attack and stroke. Celebrex, a very similar drug, is currently under careful evaluation. A December 2004 study of Celebrex by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reported a 2.5 fold increase in the risk of major fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular problems for participants taking Celebrex compared to those on a placebo. Even over the counter naproxen pain relievers like Aleve and Bayer have been shown to increase the risk of cardiovascular problems.

The warnings of the potential dangers of Celebrex listed on the FDA’s Web site include: stomach ulcers that bleed, stomach bleeding in general, liver damage, kidney problems, fluid retention, swelling, headache, indigestion, upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, sinus inflammation, stomach pain, and nausea.

The FDA has recently told doctors to limit prescriptions for Celebrex and Bextra, while encouraging alternative therapy. If a patient is continuing to take either of these drugs, the FDA advises that the lowest effective dose be used.

It is easy to overlook the side effects of a drug when it helps you feel better, but exchanging a headache for a heart attack may not be worth it. Luckily, there are natural alternatives for pain relief. Down to Earth can help you find alternatives to be pain relief, so be sure to drop by for a visit and inquire about the natural choices available.

Eating Red Meat Increases Cancer Risk, Study Shows

National Cancer Institute says the more red meat and processed meat you eat, the greater your risk of getting cancer.

The more red meat and processed meat you eat, the greater your risk of cancer, according to results of a National Cancer Institute study that was published in the December 2007 issue of the online journal PLoS Medicine.

In one of the largest studies of its kind, over 500,000 people aged 50-71 were monitored for nearly 8 years to track the connection between eating red meat, processed meats, and cancer.

Researchers concluded that just a quarter-pound hamburger or a small pork chop eaten daily could put you at increased risk for a variety of cancers. Their findings showed that the more red meat and processed meat you eat, the greater your risk for colorectal, prostate, lung, esophageal, liver, bladder, laryngeal, and bone cancers.

The red meats included in the study were beef, pork and lamb. Processed meats included bacon, red-meat sausage, poultry sausage, luncheon meats, cold cuts, ham, regular hot dogs and low-fat hot dogs.

"Our findings for colorectal cancer are consistent with the recommendations from the recently published World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research to limit consumption of red meats, such as beef, pork and lamb." said lead author Amanda Cross, an epidemiologist at NCI.

According to Colleen Doyle, director of nutrition and physical activity for the American Cancer Society, "This adds to the body of knowledge that supports recommendations that to reduce the risk of colon cancer, you should reduce your consumption of red and processed meats."

“If you are someone who eats steak or pork or lamb or salami or hot dogs, etc., on a regular basis and/or in large portion sizes, I would probably suggest you look for healthier protein sources to include in your diet," Doyle added. The American Cancer Society recommends that people eat lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains with some lean proteins to prevent cancer.

At Down to Earth, we couldn’t agree more. The single most important thing a person can do for their health is to adopt a vegetarian diet.

Virtually all the major scientific and medical institutions in the world agree that the risk of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and a host of other diseases is linked to a meat-based diet consisting of highly processed foods laden with fats and artificial ingredients.

These institutions further agree that the risk is greatly reduced by adopting a healthy low-fat, high-fiber diet. At Down to Earth, we believe this result is best achieved by adopting a healthy vegetarian diet consisting of organic produce and natural foods.

With so many plant-based meat alternatives to choose from (such as vegetarian burgers, and mock-beef, bacon, chicken, fish), there is no reason to put yourself at increased risk for cancer by eating red meat or processed meats. This is particularly true because you can get plenty of protein from whole grains, vegetables, legumes, tofu, nuts, and seeds.

We welcome anyone who is interested in moving towards a plant-based diet to attend one of our free Vegetarian Cooking Classes or Nutrition Seminars, or contact a Down to Earth Nutritionist.

How to Avoid and Cope with the flu

by Michele McKay

Flu season is upon us once again, and with the combination of a flu vaccine shortage and upcoming holiday travel, it is worth taking a look at the causes, preventions, and remedies of this contagious and potentially dangerous illness.

Know How the Flu Spreads

Influenza spreads in respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing. It usually travels directly from person to person, though people can become infected by touching something with the virus on it and then touching their own mouth or nose. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), human influenza viruses can survive on surfaces for up to 8 hours. Adults may be able to infect others one day before getting symptoms, and for seven days after getting sick, so it is possible to give someone the flu before you know you have it, as well as while you are sick.

Prevent the Flu

One of the best protections against the flu is a strong immune system, maintained by a well-balanced, healthy diet, regular exercise, and a positive mental attitude. Natural immune boosters may also be of benefit. The CDC advocates habits that we should all practice in order to help prevent spreading the flu:

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and throw the tissue away after you use it.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Influenza virus is destroyed by soap…and also by alcohol, chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, iodine-based antiseptics, and heat.
  • Stay away from people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting ill.
  • If you have the flu, stay home from work, school, or errands to prevent spreading the illness.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs and viruses are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with pathogens and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.

If You Get the Flu

Flu symptoms can develop suddenly and may include fever, headache, tiredness, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, diarrhea, or vomiting. If you come down with the flu, get lots of rest, drink plenty of liquids, and avoid using alcohol and tobacco. Medications may relieve some symptoms, but the CDC reminds us never to give aspirin to children or teenagers who have flu-like symptoms, especially fever. If you need to go to the doctor for care, be sure to tell the reception staff that you think you have the flu. You may be asked to wear a mask and/or sit in a separate area to protect others from getting sick.

The High Risk Factor

Most healthy people recover from the flu without complications, but people over 65, people with chronic medical conditions, pregnant women and young children are at high risk for serious complications and should consult a health-care provider if they develop flu symptoms. Seek medical care immediately if you or someone you know is experiencing any of these emergency warning signs:

In children

  • Fast breathing or difficulty breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash

In adults

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting

Legumes May Lower Your Risk for Diabetes: New Study Reveals

by Tracy Rohland

According to a January 2008 article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, there are over 20 million people with diabetes in the U.S., equal to seven percent of the population. A recent study by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the Shanghai Cancer Institute, suggests that an increased intake of legumes like peanuts and soybeans could reduce the risk of developing Type-2 diabetes by over 40 percent. This is great news for people who have Type-2 diabetes or are in danger of developing it as legumes are a simple and delicious addition to any diet.

A vegetarian diet has long been noted as being beneficial to diabetics. Legumes such as beans, lentils, soy products, peanuts, etc., are an integral part of a balanced vegetarian diet. Legumes are an excellent substitution to meat because they are high in protein and iron and are very filling. In addition to lowering a person’s risk of diabetes, a diet of vegetable proteins may reduce the risk of many other diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Legumes can also help facilitate weight loss because they are high in fiber and low in saturated fat with zero cholesterol!

Visit our recipes section to help you begin incorporating more legumes into your diet.

Make Every day Earth Day by Dreaming of a 'Green' Christmas

by Michele McKay

The holiday season is a time of giving and receiving, but not many people think about what they can give back to Mother Earth. This year you can make your holiday celebrations eco-friendly – and in return, you will receive the knowledge that you have helped make your home and the planet a ‘greener’ place.

The holidays can be extra tough on the environment: extra waste is generated from packaging and wrappers, more gas is burned on shopping trips, and many megawatts of energy go into light displays. Celebrate the planet this year with these eco-friendly holiday tips:

  • Enjoy delicious, healthy holiday feasts vegetarian-style… no other single action causes more environmental destruction than raising animals for slaughter. Need recipes? Find them at www.downtoearth.org.
  • Just say “no” to wrapping paper. Decorate and reuse shopping bags, magazine pages, newspaper, tissue paper, boxes, tins, cloth… you name it.
  • Give ‘wrapperless’ and non-consuming gifts. How about a donation to a favorite charity or an ‘adoption’ program that helps endangered species or ecosystems? Or give the gift of an experience – a special meal or a ticket to an attraction/performance/event.
  • Make your own greeting cards from used materials, or go paperless altogether by phoning loved ones or sending electronic greetings.
  • Use canvas or ‘reused’ bags from home when shopping.
  • Save gas by combining shopping trips or by doing your shopping online.
  • Cut energy consumption by reducing the display time of your holiday lights.
  • Buy recycled. Purchase gifts or cards that are made of recycled materials. Look for the green ‘chasing arrows’ on packages, and support the companies that are making waste into new goods.
  • Recharge. If you are giving something that requires batteries, include rechargeable batteries and a charger with the gift.
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle in holiday entertaining. Go with reusable dinnerware and cloth napkins, and recycle your beverage and other containers.
  • Have your Christmas tree chipped and composted. On O’ahu call 692-5410 or visit www.opala.org for more information. On Maui call 270-7874.
  • Or… here in the Islands it is easy to find an alternative to a cut tree. Live trees will bring years of enjoyment when planted outside after the holidays. Or get creative and decorate a beautiful tropical plant that can live indoors or outdoors.

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